WHOIS (www.whois.com) maintains a database of all registered domains which is regularly accessed by law enforcement agencies for fraud detection and resolving the issues related to domain name claims. Network administrators and webmaster use WHOIS database to identify issues and fix them.
The Role of ICANN
In order to reserve a domain name in a gTLD, a registrant must register it with ICANN (The International Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) accredited registrar. The registrar will check the availability of the desired domain name and create a WHOIS account if it is available with registrant’s information. A registrant is a person or organization who has registered the domain name. If a person or organization does not want their information to be listed on WHOIS, they may approach a proxy service provider. In such a situation, the proxy service provider is the domain name registrant, not the end customer.
The registrant has to apply to a domain registrar like Domain Junction or a reseller. The registrant is bound by the terms and conditions of the registrar with which it registers its domain name. These terms and conditions could include indemnifying the registrar and registry against any legal or civil action taken arising out of the use of domain name in question.
The registrant also needs to have their domain name listed on the name servers in order for that domain name to be reachable on the internet. The registrant has to host their own name server in case the registrar does not support this service or the registrant has opted out of this service.
What is a Registry?
A Registry manages TLDs, crates domain name extensions, sets rules for the domain names and works with registrars to sell domain names to public.
Who is a Registrar?
Registrars are organizations accredited by ICANN and certified by the registries to sell domain names. For example, DomainJunction is a registrar that offers top selling premium domains for brands including premium .com domains, premium domains for blog, premium domains for media, premium domains for software and a lot more. The registrar is bound by the Registrar Accreditation Agreement (RAA) with ICANN, and also by their terms of agreement with the Registries.
ICANN overseas the assignment of domain names and IP addresses and is responsible for managing the root server and TLD name system management. ICANN has contractual agreements with both registries and registrars that provide the foundation for WHOIS system.
Renewal of Domain
Domain name registration is necessary for a website, an email or another web service. A domain name is yours as long as you renew and there is no way of purchasing it forever. The registration is usually done for a year.
TLDs are Always Unique
TLD or a top level domain refers to the last segment of a domain name or the part that follows immediately after the “dot” symbol. .com, .org, .gov, .world, .company, edu all are examples of TLDs. Not two websites can have the same domain name with same TLDs.
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